PETIḤAH (Heb. פְּתִיחָה; "opening"), the ritual of opening the Ark in the synagogue during services to take out the Torah scroll(s) for the reading of the Law, and (particularly in Ashkenazi   synagogues) to recite prayers of special importance or solemnity, especially on the High Holidays (e.g., the prayer avinu malkenu and the entire Ne'ilah service on the Day of Atonement). In the Reform ritual other special prayers (e.g., for the welfare of the government) are also recited before the open Ark. The custom of the petiḥah may be a remnant of the ritual in the talmudic period when in times of danger and need (pestilence, drought), the Ark was carried to the town square where special penitential prayers were recited (see Ta'an 2:1, 2, etc.). Mordecai Jaffe (in his Levush Tekhelet to Sh. Ar., OḤ 133) explains the custom of the petiḥah: "The high priest entered the Holy of Holies in the Temple once a year, on the Day of Atonement, in order to stress the special sanctity of that day; therefore the most significant prayers are recited before the open Ark to stress their special importance." The congregants rise for all prayers which are recited when the Ark is open.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Petihah — Petiḥâ Terme araméen signifiant ouverture , utilisé dans le judaïsme pour désigner au moins deux choses: la clausule initiale d une bénédiction statutaire, corrélative à la Ḥatimâ, comportant au moins trois caractéristiques (énumérées dans la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AGGADAH or HAGGADAH — (Heb. הַגָּדָה, אַגָּדָה; narrative ), one of the two primary components of rabbinic tradition, the other being halakhah, usually translated as Jewish Law (see: kadushin , The Rabbinic Mind, 59f.). The term aggadah itself is notoriously difficult …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MUSIC — This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction written sources of direct and circumstantial evidence the material relics and iconography notated sources oral tradition archives and important collections of jewish music… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE — CIVIL Court Sessions The courts of three (judges) exercising jurisdiction in civil matters (see bet din ) held their sessions during the day, but – following Jethro s advice to Moses that judges should be available at all times (Ex. 18:22) – they …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BAKKASHAH — (pl. bakkashot; Heb בַּקָּשָׁה, בַּקָּשׁוֹת, Supplication(s) ), liturgical compositions of the same type as seliḥot . The word denotes a wide range of prayers in prose or verse, petitionary and abstract in content, mainly for recitation… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MEMORY — holocaust literature in european languages historiography of the holocaust holocaust studies Documentation, Education, and Resource Centers memorials and monuments museums film survivor testimonies Holocaust Literature in European Languages The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KIDDUSH HA-SHEM AND ḤILLUL HA-SHEM — (Heb. קִדּוּשׁ הַשֵּׁם וְחִלּוּל הַשֵּׁם). The antithetical terms kiddush ha Shem ( sanctification of the (Divine) Name ) and ḥillul ha Shem ( defamation of the (Divine) Name ) are complementary antonyms   and denote the two aspects of one of the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LEINER, GERSHON ḤANOKH (Henikh) BEN JACOB — (1839–1891), ḥasidic rebbe. Leiner was born in Izbica, Poland, and studied with his grandfather R. Mordecai Joseph, the first rebbe of the Izbica Radzyn dynasty, until the latter s death in 1854. He stayed with his father R. Jacob, the second… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LITURGY — has conventionally been understood as the words that Jews recite in public worship. While written words are almost all that remains from earlier times, the study of liturgy today understands that the ways that these words are performed shapes… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MAQĀM — MAQĀM, and its regional equivalents – maqom, mugham, dastgah and tbā – designate characteristic modal scales that are identified by a multitude of individual names like rast, buzurk, segah, dil bayāt, etc. In a broader sense the maqām concept is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”